What is colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy is an examination of the large intestine that determines the cause of problems, that is, pathological (malignant) changes and detects and treats them at early stage. Before undergoing through the procedure, you must consult your physician about how inevitable the procedure is and about the method of its execution.
Preparing for a colonoscopy procedure
In order to properly perform the procedure, it is necessary to empty the large intestine by specific medicine given by a professional. The preparation usually begins 24h before the examination. Do not eat solid food the day before the procedure, and the night before it, do not consummate any food or drinks. If you suffer from diabetes or take anticoagulant medications, you must consult your physician before the colonoscopy.
How is colonoscopy performed?
The examination is performed with a flexible optic instrument (endoscope) which inspects the large intestine and a part of the small intestine. The process of pushing air prevents from disturbing the digestive system, and the malignant pathological changes can be easily detected. It is possible to take a tissue sample for histopathological analysis during the procedure in order to detect tissue changes.
Advantages of colonoscopy
The pathological changes are detected and diagnosed with great certainty via colonoscopy and a histopathological analysis. In “Human” Polyclinic, the colonoscopy procedure and taking samples is performed by eminent experts in the field of gastroenterology who have considerable experience in this discipline. The necessary histopathological analyses are done by a team of professional pathologists aided by state-of-the-art technology as quickly as possible.
What should you pay attention to?
When it comes to later consummation of food and applying other rules, you must adhere to the advice of your physician. If you have taken a sedative injection or a painkiller, you can actively participate in traffic 24h upon takin it. You should not make important decisions or operate heavy machinery during the same time slot. Someone should drive home you after the infirmary check-up.
If you experience pain or any kind of problems (such as dizziness, nausea, anal bleeding) consult your physician immediately.
What to do after the colonoscopy examination?
You should not work or drive 24h after a colonoscopy performed under a local anesthesia. It is possible you would experience bloating and gas which should stop several hours upon the procedure. You can drink tea or water 2 hours after the colonoscopy, and can even have a light meal too.
What are the potential risks/complications?
Nowadays, large intestine examination is considered a low-risk routine procedure. Despite taking extra precaution, it is rarely possible that certain complications might arise.